Block cipher algorithms are a very important issue in the field of information security. Their simple structure and software-based encryption allow users to implement them in several applications such as: data security and cloud computing. In this paper, we reviewed 8 block ciphers that had been presented in the recently five years and were used in different applications. The 8 block ciphers are: DES, 3DES, Blowfish, Twofish, PRISENT, KLEIN, IDEA and AES. All of them are symmetric block ciphers with different designs. The comparative results showed that the block ciphers can still be used in different applications and fields. They showed that many modifications had been presented in which, chaotic maps had been implemented in key generation to enhance the robustness of the block ciphers and its randomness. The comparative results also showed that the AES is one of the block ciphers that is still unbroken algorithm and still modified to suit other new applications. Since less robust ciphers have continuous modification and enhancement in order to be more robust against some of probable attacks, the length of the key and its complexity and the structure of the ciphers are essential directions for improving block ciphers.