Rapid Contrast Enhancement Algorithm for Natural Contrast- Distorted Color Images
AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics,
2021, Volume 15, Issue 2, Pages 73-90
AbstractDigital images are often obtained with contrast distortions due to different factors that cannot be avoided on many occasions. Various research works have been introduced on this topic, yet no conclusive findings have been made. Therefore, a low-intricacy multi-step algorithm is developed in this study for rapid contrast enhancement of color images. The developed algorithm consists of four steps, in that the first two steps include separate processing of the input image by the probability density function of the standard normal distribution and the softplus function. In the third step, the output of these two approaches is combined using a modified logarithmic image processing approach. In the fourth step, a gamma-controlled normalization function is applied to fully stretch the image intensities to the standard interval and correct its gamma. The results obtained by the developed algorithm have an improved contrast with preserved brightness and natural colors. The developed algorithm is evaluated with a dataset of various natural contrast degraded color images, compared against six different techniques, and assessed using three specialized image evaluation methods, in that the proposed algorithm performed the best among the comparators according to the used image evaluation methods, processing speed and perceived quality.
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