Keywords : feature extraction

Textures Recognition using Elman Neural Network

Fawziya Mahmood Ramo; Alaa Anwr Mohamed

AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics, 2014, Volume 11, Issue 1, Pages 97-108
DOI: 10.33899/csmj.2014.163741

         In this research building system to recognition  texture images using artificial neural networks. The system consists of two phases: phase extraction important feature of each texture by using an algorithm Principal Components Analysis (PCA)   and recognition phase which recognize these feature by using  Elman network were trained network on a number of various texture  models down to the steady-state network  and then test the network by input  samples  of textures.  The experiments show that the method achieves high performance and produces 92% recognition rate.

A New Method for Iris Segmentation and Feature Extraction in Spatial Domain

Dujan B. Taha; Shamil Q. Ibraheem

AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics, 2012, Volume 9, Issue 1, Pages 35-46
DOI: 10.33899/csmj.2012.163669

In this paper, a new proposed method is developed, this method contains two algorithms, one for human iris recognition, the other is for extracting the features of the recognized iris.
Many studies tried to extract the iris from images, most of those studies succeeded but after using very complex processing and filtering operations in addition to transforming the image to other domains (such as frequency domain) to achieve the required operations. The proposed method deduct those complexities operations to a minimum and requires only wavelet transform in a small part of the second algorithm, all other operations will be applied directly to the spatial domain. Experimental results shows the efficiency of the method as its being applied to the images of the Chinese Academy of Sciences – Institute of Automation “CASIA” iris database which contains a lot of deformations. Finally, Matlab R2010a (Ver. 7.10.0) was used to implement the algorithms presented in this paper because it facilitates handling images, arrays, and filters.