Keywords : Point Search

A Suggested Point Search Algorithm for Circle Detection in Binary Images

Sundus Khaleel Ebraheem

AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics, 2010, Volume 7, Issue 2, Pages 79-94
DOI: 10.33899/csmj.2010.163887

Detecting circles is very important in the application of image processing especially in determining the object locations. In this paper, a new algorithm is proposed for circle detection, called Point Search Circle Detection (PSCD), which detects points and assumes them as inspection points on the circle circumference by using them to create a virtual circle to match it with the original image. Using matching operation leads to reduce computational operations and reduce the complexity and the running time of the algorithm. The proposed algorithm is highly accurate, has high speed and low storage requirements in comparing with other related algorithms. The proposed algorithm can precisely detect circles with various scales, crossed and nested circles in the binary images.
The proposed algorithm was compared with Hough Transform (HT) method for circle detection by using many images with different numbers and radius of circles and different image dimensions. The proposed algorithm was more efficient, where the average ratio of the running time for the proposed algorithm to HT method was 1:646, and the accuracy of the proposed algorithm was 100% for circles detection. Both the proposed and HT algorithms are applied by using Matlab 7.2 language, PC equipment with 1.8MHz Pentium IV processor and 512MB RAM.