Keywords : deep learning

Diagnosis Retinal Disease by using Deep Learning Models

attallh salih; Manar Y. Kashmoola

AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics, 2022, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 51-58
DOI: 10.33899/csmj.2022.174403

Deep learning approaches have shown to be useful in assisting physicians in making decisions about cancer, heart disease, degenerative brain disorders, and eye disease. In this work, a deep learning model was proposed for the diagnosis of retinal diseases utilizing optical coherence tomography X-ray pictures (OCT) to identify four states of retina disease. The proposed model consists of three different convolutional neural network (CNN) models to be used in this approach and compare the results of each one with others. The models were named respectively as 1FE1C, 2FE2C, and 3FE3C according to the design complexity. The concept uses deep CNN to learn a feature hierarchy from pixels to layers of classification retinal diseases. On the test set, the classifier accuracy is 65.60 % for a (1FE1C) Model, 86.81% for (2FE2C) Model, 96.00% for (3FE3C) Model, and 88.62% for (VGG16) Pre-Train Model. The third model (3FE3C) achieves the best accuracy, although the VGG16 model comes close. Also, this model improves the results of previous works and paves the way for the use of state-of-the-art technology of neural network in retinal disease diagnoses. The suggested strategy may have a bearing on the development of a tool for automatically identifying retinal disease.

Disease Diagnosis Systems Using Machine Learning and Deep learning Techniques Based on TensorFlow Toolkit: A review

Firdews A.Alsalman; Shler Farhad Khorshid; Amira Bibo Sallow

AL-Rafidain Journal of Computer Sciences and Mathematics, 2022, Volume 16, Issue 1, Pages 111-120
DOI: 10.33899/csmj.2022.174415

Machine learning and deep learning algorithms have become increasingly important in the medical field, especially for diagnosing disease using medical databases. Techniques developed within these two fields are now used to classify different diseases. Although the number of Machine Learning algorithms is vast and increasing, the number of frameworks and libraries that implement them is also vast and growing.  TensorFlow is a well-known machine learning library that has been used by several researchers in the field of disease classification. With the help of TensorFlow (Google's framework), a complex calculation can be addressed effectively by modeling it as a graph and properly mapping the graph segments to the machine in the form of a cluster. In this review paper, the role of the TensorFlow-Python framework- for disease classification is discussed.